By Christopher Gravett

The easy castles raised after the Norman conquest have been built all through eleventh and twelfth centuries, when the creation of Islamic and Byzantine fortification innovations from the overdue twelfth century resulted in extra advancements in citadel structure. those fortifications have been to be good demonstrated during the process the thirteenth century as England used to be riven via the clash, characterised via lengthy sieges, among the monarchy and strong magnates. in addition to offering the point of interest for battle, castles more and more turned the centres in their groups, offering a extra everlasting base for the lord, his family members and retainers, in addition to appearing as centres for justice and management.

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By Michael Lindberg

From riverine operations within the American Civil battle and China within the 1860s to the most important fleet engagements of the realm Wars, plus more moderen naval activities within the Falklands/Malvenas conflict and Gulf conflict, Lindberg and Todd methodically exhibit how geography has formed the method, strategies, and instruments of naval war. Alfred T. Mahan used to be might be the 1st naval expert to acknowledge and recognize totally the impact of geography on navies and naval conflict. lots of his rules of seapower have been inherently geographical and stimulated either what sort of naval strength a kingdom might own and the way it might be applied. within the time that has handed considering that Mahan made his observations, naval war and navies have skilled significant technological alterations, but geographical elements proceed to exert their impression on how navies struggle, how they're dependent, and the layout of the ships that they deploy.

After delivering a entire overview of geostrategic concept and its software to naval battle, the ebook is prepared by means of significant operational environments during which such war occurs--the excessive seas, littoral areas, and inland waterways. Lindberg and Todd illustrate how such geographical components as distance, place, floor, and subsurface stipulations impression naval operations, together with fleet-to-fleet engagements, amphibious attack, coastal safety, logistical help, and riverine activities. A separate bankruptcy takes an in-depth examine the ways that geography impacts navies themselves with concerns akin to fundamental venture variety, strength constitution improvement, and send layout. by using historic case experiences, this quantity applies lengthy held geographical ideas to primary naval theories and practices to demonstrate simply how pervasive geography's effect has been prior to now one hundred forty years.

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By William Allcorn

The Maginot Line, the big sequence of fortifications equipped through France within the Thirties to shield its borders with Germany and Italy, might be the main maligned selection of fortifications ever outfitted. regardless of being a technological surprise, and the main refined and intricate set of fortifications equipped as much as that point, it did not retailer France from crushing defeat in 1940. but there are those that argue that it finished precisely what it was once designed to do. This e-book offers a concise and informative therapy of the Maginot Line, from North-East France to the Mediterranean. jam-packed with plans, modern and sleek pictures, plus electronic art, it offers an in depth visible exploration of this recognized fortification process.

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Because the booklet of the 1st variation of Why Air Forces Fail, the talk over airpower's function in army operations has purely intensified. right here, eminent historians Robin Higham and Stephen J. Harris gather a group of specialists so as to add crucial new info to their cautionary story for present practitioners of aerial struggle. jointly, the members research the complicated, frequently deep-seated, purposes for the catastrophic mess ups of the Russian, Polish, French, British, Italian, German, Argentine, and American air prone. Complemented via examining lists and recommendations for extra study, this seminal learn with new chapters presents an important and distinct research of defeat.

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By D. Robert Worley

In Shaping U.S. army Forces, D. Robert Worley assesses army strength alterations which were made because the chilly struggle, explains the various adjustments that experience now not been made, and recommends adjustments that has to be made―as good as exploring the ways that political and army forces line as much as withstand them.

For over 40 years there has been consensus approximately preserving huge U.S. army forces. this present day, as evidenced via the regular decline in protection spending due to the fact 1985, that consensus has evaporated, and a brand new equilibrium is being sought. but proof of transformation is understated. through outward appearances, ultra-modern army is mainly a smaller model of our chilly warfare forces, even though hazard, missions, and methods have changed.

There has been no loss of reform attempt on the optimum degrees of the security forms. lower than the management of common Colin Powell, the Joint Chiefs of employees reexamined the jobs and missions of the providers. concepts undefined. yet, based on observers, switch happened simply on the margins. Worley argues that the hugely institutionalized cultures of the uniformed providers supply the easiest reason behind why the yank army isn't a distinct strength good over a decade after the autumn of the Berlin Wall.

Significant old occasions, basically from global battle II ahead, are used to provide an explanation for trust structures in the person providers and occasionally inside particular branches inside of a unmarried provider. strength planners quite often degree army finish power by way of divisions, wings, and conflict teams. hence, Worley examines an important organizational structures―armored and infantry divisions, fighter and bomber wings, and provider conflict groups―and does so within the context of conflicts, together with Vietnam, the Gulf struggle, Panama, Kosovo, and Somalia, and naturally the incomplete conflicts in Afghanistan and Iraq. He highlights difficulties linked to the conflict of carrier conceptions of conflict and the necessities of genuine clash to ascertain the form U.S. army forces have―and the form they need to assume.

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By William S. Pintz, Hermina Morita

This booklet files the socio-environmental context and early background of Hawaii's try and replacement renewable power resources and effort potency measures for oil imports. It identifies parts of coverage formula the place fresh strength ideas have been potent and parts the place the state's coverage procedure was once both beside the point or restricted through political or institutional factors.

Although Hawaii's fresh power Initiative is a distinct partnership, formulated to fulfill Hawaii's particular wishes and assets, the coverage strategy addressed difficulties which are universal open air the kingdom. whereas the case learn includes fresh power rules, the various matters are acceptable to public coverage improvement issues in different sectors. Examples of those "general curiosity" coverage themes include:

• figuring out how the political and socioeconomic weather could effect coverage assumptions

• formulating a regulatory and felony framework for tracking coverage compliance

• designing and realizing the results of subsidy and tax-incentive policies

• coping with conflicts with rules in different sectors;

• addressing the pursuits of latest and destiny stakeholders;

• growing recommendations for public session and data dissemination;

• utilizing exterior services from executive firms, educational associations and personal consultants;

• designing functionality and evaluate metrics for measuring progress.

The publication is meant to be used in graduate and senior undergraduate classes facing the formula, implementation and effect of public coverage. It additionally presents researchers excited about the improvement and implementation of fresh power with a advisor to the hurdles prone to be encountered in relocating innovation from the technical sphere to the sensible genuine global and the way to beat them. specialist policymakers could benefit from an instance of a approach to create a achievable fresh power policy.

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By Columba Peoples, Nick Vaughan-Williams

Critical defense Studies introduces scholars to the sub-field via a close but obtainable survey of evolving techniques and key concerns. This new version comprises new chapters and has been absolutely revised and updated.

Written in an obtainable and transparent demeanour, Critical safeguard Studies:

  • offers a accomplished and up to date creation to severe defense studies
  • locates serious safeguard reports in the broader context of social and political theory
  • evaluates primary theoretical positions inside serious safeguard experiences in software to key issues.

The publication is split into major components. the 1st half, ‘Approaches’, surveys the newly prolonged and contested theoretical terrain of serious defense reviews: serious concept, Feminism and gender conception, Postcolonialism, Poststructuralism and Securitization thought. the second one half, ‘Issues’, then illustrates those quite a few theoretical techniques opposed to the backdrop of a various variety of concerns in modern defense practices, from environmental, human and place of origin protection to frame defense, know-how and battle, and the conflict opposed to Terrorism. This version additionally contains new chapters on Constructivist theories (Part I) and future health (Part II).

The ancient and geographical scope of the publication is intentionally vast and readers are brought to a couple of key illustrative case stories. all of the chapters partially II concretely illustrate a number of of the ways mentioned partly I, with transparent inner referencing permitting the textual content to behave as a holistic studying instrument for students.

This e-book is vital interpreting for upper-level scholars of serious defense experiences, and a huge source for college students of International/Global safeguard, Political idea and overseas Relations.

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